America's Planned Nuclear Attack on Libya
Thinking the Unthinkable
The Pentagon's Plan to Nuke Libya
March 30, 2011
The Department of Defense had developed a new generation of bunker buster tactical nuclear weapons for use in the Middle East and Central Asia
The B61-11 earth penetrating weapon using a nuclear warhead had not been tested. It was part of the B61 series, coupled with a so-called "low yield" nuclear warhead.
According to US military sources,
The B61-11 earth-penetrating version of the B61 was configured initially to have a "low" 10 kiloton yield, 66.6 percent of a Hiroshima bomb, for (post-Cold War) battlefield operations in the Middle East and Central Asia.
The Pentagon's Plan to Nuke Libya
The B61-11 tactical nuclear weapon was slated by the Pentagon to be used in 1997 against the "Kaddafi regime".
Tarhunah has a population of more than 200,000 people, men women and children.
It is about 60 km East of Tripoli. Had this "humanitarian bomb" (66 % of a Hiroshima bomb) been launched on this "suspected" WMD facility, it would have resulted in tens of thousands of deaths, not to mention the nuclear fallout...
The man behind this diabolical project to nuke Libya was Assistant Secretary of Defense Harold Palmer Smith Junior.
Harold Smith had been appointed by President Bill Clinton to oversee nuclear, chemical, and biological defense programs with responsibilities,
From the outset, his actual mandate, was not reduce but to increase the nuclear arsenal by promoting the development of a new generation of nuclear weapons for use in the Middle East war theater.
Harold Palmer Smith Junior
While the Pentagon subsequently denied its intention to bomb Libya's Tarhunah plant, it nonetheless clarified that,
The B61-11 is a bon fide thermonuclear nuclear bomb, a Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD) in the real sense of the word.
The NEP can have a yield of up to a 1000 kilotons, or seventy times a Hiroshima bomb.
This distinction between mini-nukes and the NEP is in many regards misleading. In practice there is no dividing line. We are broadly dealing with the same type of weaponry: the B61-11 has several "available yields", ranging from "low yields" of less than one kiloton, to mid-range and up to the 1000 kiloton bomb.
In all cases, the radioactive fallout is devastating.
Moreover, the B61 series of thermonuclear weapons includes several models with distinct specifications:
Each of these bombs has several "available yields".
What is contemplated for theater use is the "low yield" 10 kt bomb, two thirds of a Hiroshima bomb.
These weapons were specifically developed for use in post Cold War "conventional conflicts with third world nations". They were approved for use in the conventional war theater by the US Senate in 2002, following the adoption of the 2001 Nuclear Posture Review.
In October 2001, in the immediate wake of 9/11, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld envisaged the use of the B61-11 in Afghanistan. The stated targets were Al Qaeda cave bunkers in the Tora Bora mountains.
Rumsfeld stated at the time that while the,
The use of the B61-11 was also contemplated during the 2003 bombing and invasion of Iraq.
In this regard, the B61-11 was described as "a precise, earth-penetrating low-yield nuclear weapon against high-value underground targets", which included Saddam Hussein's underground bunkers:
"All Options are on the table"... Sheer madness. Nukes to implement regime change...
What Rumsfeld had proposed, as part of a "humanitarian mandate", was the use of a nuclear bomb to 'take out' the president of a foreign country.
(Author's note: There is no documentary evidence that the B61-11 was used against Iraq).
Is America Considering the Use of Nuclear Weapons against Libya?
April 7, 2011
The Pentagon's 1996 plan to nuke Libya had been announced in no uncertain terms at a press briefing by Assistant Secretary of Defense Harold P. Smith:
Clinton's Defense Secretary William Perry - who was present at the press briefing - had earlier told a Senate Foreign Relations Committee that,
The Department of Defense's objective was to fast track the "testing" of the B61-11 nuclear bomb on an actual country and that country was Libya:
While the 1996 plan to bomb Libya using tactical nuclear weapons was subsequently shelved, Libya was not removed from the "black list":
As revealed by in early 2002,
According to the 2001 Nuclear Posture Review, adopted by the Senate in 2002, Libya is on the "Pentagon's list".
Moreover, it is also important to emphasize that Libya was the first country to be tagged and formally identified (at a Department of Defense press briefing) as a possible target for a US sponsored nuclear attack using the B61 Mod 11 nuclear bomb.
This announcement was made in 1996, five years prior to the formulation of the pre-emptive nuclear war doctrine under the Bush administration (i.e. the 2001 Nuclear Posture Review).
The Testing of the B61-11 Nuclear Bomb
Announced on April 4, 2011 What is the relevance of the history of the B61-11 nuclear bomb and earlier threats directed by the Clinton administration against Libya?
Has the project to nuke Libya been shelved or is Libya still being contemplated as a potential target for a nuclear attack?
Shortly after the commencement of the Libya bombing campaign on March 19, the US Department of Defense ordered the testing of the B61-11 nuclear bomb. These tests pertained to the installed equipment and weapon 's components of the nuclear bomb.
The announcement of these tests was made public on April 4; the precise date of the test was not revealed, but one can reasonably assume that it was in the days prior to the April 4 press release by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA Press Release, NNSA Conducts Successful B61-11 JTA Flight Test, Apr 4, 2011.)
The B-2 Spirit Stealth bomber is the US Air Force's chosen "carrier" for the delivery of the B61 Mod 11 nuclear bomb. In late March or early April (prior to April 4), the B-2 Spirit Stealth bomber from the 509th Bomber Wing operating out of Whiteman Air Force Base, was used in the so-called "Joint Test Assembly" (JTA) of the B61 Mod 11 nuclear bomb.
In other words, the B61-11 was tested using the same B-2 Spirit Stealth bombers out of Whiteman Air Force Base, which were used to bomb Libya at the very outset of the air campaign.
The Joint Test Assembly (JTA) in the case of the B61 Mod 11 nuclear bomb, requires testing the equipment of the B61-11 using a proxy conventional non-nuclear warhead.
Essentially what is involved is to test all the installed equipment on the nuclear bomb and ensure its functionality without actually having a nuclear explosion.
The JTA test,
B61 Model 11 nuclear bomb at Whiteman Air force base
The B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber operating out of the Whiteman Air Force Base was reported to have "delivered and released" the B61-11 JTA at the Tonopah Test Range in Nevada, which is routinely used to test nuclear ordnance. (See Press Release, op cit.).
The Tonopah Test Range while owned by the US Department of Energy, is managed and operated by Sandia National Laboratories, a division of America's largest weapons producer Lockheed-Martin (under permit with the NNSA).
Aerial View of Tonopah Test Range
where the B61 11 JTA was tested using a B-2 Spirit Stealth bomber.
The Deployment of B-2 Stealth bombers to Libya
It is worth noting that the U.S. Air Force Global Strike Command was in charge of both the JTA tests of the B61-11 as well as the deployment of three B-2 Spirit Stealth bombers to Libya on March 19.
In other words, both the deployment of the B-2s to the Libya war theater as well as the JTA test (using the B-2 bomber for delivery) were coordinated out of Whiteman Air Force base.
"Humanitarian war" is carried out through a "Shock and Awe" Blitzkrieg.
Three B-2 Spirit Stealth bombers were sent on a bombing mission at the very outset of the Libya bombing campaign. According to the reports, they returned to Whiteman Air Force base on March 21st. The reports suggest that the three B-2s were carrying bunker buster bombs with conventional warheads.
The report suggests that the B-2 Stealth bombers dropped 45 one ton satellite guided missiles on Libya, which represents an enormous amount of ordnance:
While we are not in a position to verify the accuracy of these reports, the 45 one-ton bombs correspond roughly to the B-2 specifications, namely each of these planes can carry sixteen 2,000 pound (900 kg) bombs.
Returning to Whiteman Air force base on March 21.
Concluding Remarks - The Decision to Use Nuclear Weapons
Through a propaganda campaign which has enlisted the support of "authoritative" nuclear scientists, the B61-11 "mini-nuke" is presented as an instrument of peace rather than war.
In an utterly twisted logic, low yield tactical nuclear weapons are presented as a means to building peace and preventing "collateral damage".
In this regard, US nuclear doctrine ties in with the notion that the US-NATO war under Operation Odyssey Dawn is a humanitarian undertaking.
The important question addressed in this article is whether the recent test of a B61-11 is "routine" or was it envisaged by the DoD directly or indirectly in support of Operation Odyssey Dawn, implying the possible deployment of mini nukes at some future stage of the Libya bombing campaign. There is no clear-cut answer to this question.
It should be emphasized, however, that under the doctrine of "pre-emptive nuclear war" mini nukes are always deployed and in "a state of readiness" (even in times of peace). Libya was the first "rogue state" to be tagged for a nuclear attack in 1996 prior to the approval of the mini nukes for battlefield use by the US Congress.
The Pentagon claims that "mini-nukes" are harmless to civilians because "the explosion takes place under ground". Not only is the claim of an underground explosion erroneous, each of these ‘mini-nukes’, constitutes - in terms of explosion and potential radioactive fallout - a significant fraction of the atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945...
We are at a dangerous crossroads:
The new doctrine states that Command, Control, and Coordination (CCC) regarding the use of nuclear weapons should be "flexible", allowing geographic combat commanders to decide if and when to use of nuclear weapons:
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